What is EV Load Management and Why Do You Need It?


As electric vehicles (EVs) become increasingly popular, there is a growing need for effective EV load management. The use of EVs can put additional pressure on power grids, and uncontrolled charging can lead to peak demand spikes and infrastructure strains. To mitigate this issue, load management strategies aim to balance grid demands with consumer needs.

In this blog, we will discuss what EV load management is, how it works, and why you need it.

What is EV Load Management?

It refers to the process of managing the charging of electric vehicles in a way that maximizes the efficiency and reliability of the power grid.

Load management reduces energy usage during peak demand periods so that the energy demand from EVs does not exceed the capacity of the grid, and to avoid overloads or blackouts. At the same time, it optimizes EV charging.

For commercial applications, when multiple electric vehicle chargers are connected to the same circuit, a local load management system allows you to determine how much power each charger can consume. Once configured, the chargers will automatically use the protocol of your choice to balance how much power each can use at the same time while keeping energy usage below the maximum power draw.

For home applications, EV load management can optimize the charging infrastructure by delivering available power to EVs and shifting charging loads across energy sources to safely deliver electricity without interfering with the power needs of buildings, homes, or other power consumers. Besides, it can shift the charging session for a single charger to a time when energy is less expensive.

How to Realize EV Load Management?

EV charging load management is a software-based solution designed for managing energy when several charging stations work simultaneously. The load management software constantly communicates with the electricity infrastructure, charging stations, and EVs to realize load sharing.

EV charging load balancing can be static or dynamic.

Static load balancing deals with fixed, predetermined power allocations. This means that your EV receives a fixed allocation of power from a portion of your grid that is maintained and kept the same at all times.

DLM(dynamic load balancing) allows for charging several EVs simultaneously in the most efficient way by using the remaining available power dynamically and balancing it between the EV chargers. It also allows increasing the number of charging stations without increasing the contracted power.

Why do you need EV Charging Load Management?

There are many advantages of EV charging load sharing.

  • Restricting the total charging load protects the local grid: Eliminates the risk of overloading even when multiple chargers are in operation.
  • Reduced electricity bills: Managing EV charging times helps avoid peak time rates, reducing overall electricity costs.
  • Allowing multiple charging stations connected to a single circuit. Cut costs for the required electrical connection.
  • Better integration of renewable energy: By shifting EV charging to times when renewable energy is plentiful, the load management system can integrate cleaner energy sources into the electrical grid.
  • More efficient use of energy: The electrical grid can achieve more efficient use of energy, making the system more sustainable and cost-effective.

What EV chargers support load balancing?

Grasen EV charging stations can communicate with each other via either Ethernet or Open Charge Point Protocol (OCPP) network services. And most EV chargers support DLM including AC EV chargers and DC fast chargers.

7kW/22kW AC EV Charger

Smart home EV charger with OCPP
Explore our products

Dual Ports 7kW/22kW EV Charger

Commercial AC fast charger with MID meter
Explore our products

Dual Ports DC EV Charging Station

60kW to 200kW DC rapid charger
Explore our products

Multi-standard DC Charging Station

2 DC ports and 1 AC port, 3 vehicles charging
Explore our products


Choosing charging stations with EV load management is a future-proof investment. It will help you save time, money, and effort in the long run.






[email protected]

Submit Request